I am old-school; I don’t use SPSS or any other statistical software packages, so I can’t answer your exact question, I almost always just write my own code to do what I need. If you define a multiple category set, the values are tabulated by adding the same codes in the elementary variables together. Enter a name for the set. It doesn’t […], https://www.dummies.com/education/math/statistics/creating-and-using-a-multiple-response-set-in-spss/read more. It allows you to perform a variety of functions on your data, but you need data before you can do any of that. Note that the same 5) Enter a name and label for the new variable and then click Add. SPSS is a statistical analysis program that is used in a variety of fields, from market researchers to government agencies. Those who reverse everything in their head and then enter them as reversed have a tendency to make mistakes along the way. I have an spss datafile which separated responses from two groups of participants on the same survey question into two variables in SPSS (i.e. allow for multiple responses. Define multiple response sets. (This is optional.) as a completely different case from . A dollar sign is automatically added to the beginning of the set name. https://stackoverflow.com/questions/9901016/input-multiple-answer-in-spssread more. I need count of this. How to compute means in SPSS? Cronbach's alpha is the most common measure of internal consistency ("reliability"). You will see the new set added to the Mult. The Multiple Response Crosstabs procedure crosstabulates defined multiple response sets, elementary variables, or a combination. If your variables are coded as dichotomies, indicate which value you want to have counted. However, most analyses can't use all 464 because some may drop out due to missing values. So far we computed horizontal means: means over variables for This example also shows how to add means for multiple variables in one go, again by using TO. https://atestanswers.com/file/how-to-enter-multiple-choice-answers-in-spssread more. Entering Data in SPSS Statistics The "one person, one row" Rule. create a new variable next to the verbatim response and enter in your numeric score/code). linearity: each predictor has a linear relation with our outcome variable; Laying the Groundwork: Survey Variables and Values in SPSS. Right, now our data contain 464 cases. Choose SPSS, select your … Click in the menubar on 2. The raw data were the response options (1 to 4) for 53 four-choice multiple test items. Check here to start a new keyword search. Analysis Multiple response question ... we don't have to do these basic things manually when we have a sophisticated statistical package like SPSS. SPSS (The Statistical Package for the Social Sciences) software has been developed by IBM and it is widely used to analyse data and make predictions based on specific collections of data. [GET] How To Enter Multiple Choice Answers In Spss | HOT! https://www.spss-tutorials.com/how-to-compute-means-in-spss/read more. SPSS Data Analysis with Missing Values. 1 Introduction Recoding may be needed in a number of different situtions: • To categorise a continuous variable. 3) Select the variables you wish to include from the Set Definition list, adding them in the correct order for the multi repsonse set. SPSS Multiple Regression Analysis Tutorial By Ruben Geert van den Berg under Regression. In the counted value, put the value for "yes". Click Add to add the multiple response set to the list of defined sets. In the Variable Coding area, select the Dichotomies option and specify a Counted Value of 1. 2) Go to Analyze | Tables |Multiple Response Sets. In this presentation, we cover how to enter survey data into SPSS. Help, Please. In SPSS: The following example is based on a class example that I teach. SPSS tutorials. Choice1, Choice2, Choice4. Search results are not available at this time. ... Notes. Drag the desired variables which are the multiple responses in the box "variables in set". Creating a number of different variables is illustrated, including both... https://www.slideshare.net/quantitative_specialists/questionnaire-survey-data-entryread more. I'm currently coding and entering my questionnaire data into SPSS, and I'm struggling with entering the items with questions where participants chose more than one option. Running a basic multiple regression analysis in SPSS is simple. I need to add a new variable to an already existing datafile in SPSS. Watson Product Search For a thorough analysis, however, we want to make sure we satisfy the main assumptions, which are. a) It equips you with a useful transferable skill. If you previously defined any multiple datasets, they appear in the list on the right. For example, I have types meanscom for indicating "means of communication". For example, you may have measured people’s BMI (body mass index) as a continuous variable but may want to use it to create groups Multiple responses in SPSS. SPSS Tables automatically calculates percentages for multiple response data. This video discusses how to best enter and code multiple choice type data in SPSS as well as how to analyze such data using ... https://www.windowssearch-exp.com/search?q=Analysing+SPSS+Multiple+Response+Set&FORM=HDRSC1read more. 6) Click OK to create new set. In SPSS version 25, the default format chosen is based on 95% of the cases. The data can be found in the SPSS file: Week 4 data file.sav and looks like this: For an in-depth explanation of what each of the variables represent, revisit the Descriptive Statistics tutorial. Multiple Response Analysis allows you to create frequency and crosstabulation tables for user-defined "multiple response sets". There are several ways to enter data into SPSS, from entering it manually to importing it from another file. I want only A mentions like, who are all checked A category alone. Quantitative Specialists 2. if the name entered is test it will appear as $test The name can be up to 63 bytes long. Quantitative Specialists 2. Viewed 82 times 1. How to enter and analyze questionnaire (survey) data in SPSS 1. It is most commonly used when you have multiple Likert questions in a survey/questionnaire that form a scale and you wish to determine if the scale is reliable. 1. In particular, a question in a survey may receive zero or more positive answers depending on the characteristics or behavior of the respondent. To export your survey results: Go to the Analyze Results section of your survey. That being said, the "right" way to do this is to score the data more than once. SPSS: Multiple response tables (via Multiple response) (created by P. Stikker) 6. A multiple dichotomy set typically consists of multiple dichotomous variables: variables with only two possible values of a yes/no, present/absent, checked/not checked nature. So how does SPSS analyze data if they contain missing values? The new multiple-response set is created and a dollar sign ( $) is placed before the name, as shown in the following figure. SPSS will not stop you from using a continuous variable as a splitting variable, but it is a bad idea to try to attempt this; SPSS will see each unique numeric value as a distinct category. This video discusses how to best enter and code multiple choice... https://kzclip.com/video/6drmBjplssg/spss-how-to-enter-code-and-analyze-multiple-choice-data.htmlread more, A multiple-response set is much like a new variable made of other variables you already have. Enter a name for the set. Visit the IBM Support Forum, Modified date: I really dont know how to find the solutuion. Typically, I use the "Analyze" option when working with these types of variables, but I'm not quite sure what the "Data" options does. You really have unknown degrees-of-freedom (i.e., with 50 cases you can get many more than 50 responses). You must first define one or more multiple response sets (see "To Define Multiple Response Sets"). SPSS: Multiple response tables (via Custom tables) (by P. Stikker) 6. 2. Answer. Step 1 is to specify which variables have to be combined into a set; we use the DATA menu for this. b) ... https://global.oup.com/uk/orc/busecon/business/brymanbrm4e/student/mcqs/ch16/read more. Join Barton Poulson for an in-depth discussion in this video, Working with multiple responses, part of SPSS Statistics Essential Training. SPSS Statistics sets out its data in a spreadsheet-like manner. Ignore the other options. Click Add. 0:08 Multiple choice item vs. Likert scale item 1:33 Multiple choice questions with one correct answer 3:27 Multiple choice questions with multiple correct answers 6:03 "Multiple response set" in SPSS 7:52 How to pronounce "Likert"? How to enter and analyze questionnaire (survey) data in SPSS 1. https://www.ibm.com/support/knowledgecenter/en/SSLVMB_24.0.0/spss/base/idh_idd_mrsets.htmlread more. Click the arrow to add the variables to the Variables in Set pane. Percent of response is the percentage of each response out of total responses from the given data-set. User-Specified “Other” Responses for Multiple-Choice Questions¶ Creating user-specified “Other” responses for multiple choice questions in one step is a feature that is currently on KoBo Toolbox’s development roadmap. It could be a multiple dichotomy where you have a yes/no variable for each possible response. Select a Set Name and (optionally) a Set Label. Please try again later or use one of the other support options on this page. Response Sets box, with its name preceded by a $ e.g. How To Enter Multiple Choice Answers In Spss. A case is the "object" which you are measuring in someway. With my kind of understanding of your question that a particular question has multiple options and how to code them in SPSS. 7) File | Exit and say Yes to Save contents of data editor prompt to save the set permanently, Need more help? Multiple Responses • Multiple-response items are questions that can have more than one value for each case. In this example 1 indicated that someone did visit the cinema, and I’m interested in those who did, so at Counted value a 1 is entered in the example. SPSS: Multiple response tables (via Custom tables) (by P. Stikker) Creating a multiple response set In order to create a frequency table or a cross table from a question with multiple answers, you first need to create a multiple response set. Instructions. Your variables appear in the Set Definition area. Click on 4. Cronbach's Alpha (α) using SPSS Statistics Introduction. However, this is a categorical (dichotomous) variable and I have over 30,000 cases, therefore I was wondering if it is possible to enter the same value (i.e. 1 Defining the problem. I have a data base of patients which contain multiple variables as yes=1, no=0. Turn on the SPSS program and select the Variable View, furthermore, in the Name write Competency, Motivation, Performance. Ask Question Asked 3 years ago. You really have unknown degrees-of-freedom (i.e., with 50 cases you can get many more than 50 responses). Combining multiple responses into one variable in SPSS Statistics Question As the title suggests I would like to know how to turn the results of a multiple response question into a single variable, so it can be used to run a variety of tests. And the student answers more than one answer. When a survey question can be answered multiple valid times, such as questions which note "Check all that apply", multiple variables are necessary to capture all the responses. I think it is easy before you think about any analysis. There are in fact two ways to record multiple responses: In our case we have a list of fears, and the respondent picked one of them saying this is the most important one, then the second and the third and so on. Another way would be to have a do repeat just search for the particular strings and return dummy variables (which would be a nicer format for multiple response sets). You can also obtain cell percentages based on cases or responses, modify the handling of missing values, or get paired crosstabulations. The problem is SPSS has no way of seperating the substrings (seperated by commas) and understanding which Choices each case has in common. The answers to such a set of questions are regarded as multiple responses, since the answer to each does not preclude an answer for the others; the responses are not mutually exclusive. Multiple Response Sets. Hi everyone, I have a database in which the data entry staff entered the responses to one question in four different columns. 6:03 "Multiple response set" in SPSS 7:52 How to pronounce "Likert"? When deciding what type of graph to produce, you first need to think about (1) the type of data you have collected: interval, ordinal or nominal data. The principle behind entering data in almost all cases in SPSS Statistics is to enter each unique case on a new row. Your variables appear in the Set Definition area. © Copyright 2014-2020 & All Rights Reserved. Multiple Responses Analysis using SPSS (Dichotomies Method) A Beginner’s Guide Donald Stephen Institute of Borneo Studies, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak Multiple response refers to the situation when participants are allowed to select more than one option for a question. Survey variables are the names that you give to individual fields (like responses) in an SPSS data file. Multiple responses — SPSS Tables displays your answers clearly and concisely for questions in which respondents “check all that apply” or where more than one response can be selected. the name of each variable was ability1, ability2, and so on, to ability53. The resulting set of values is the same as those for each of the elementary variables. The answer to each of these questions is regarded, for the purpose of SPSS coding and data entry, as. Remember to always label variables and enter any scores as normal when starting to reverse code. 2: At the end you will have 9 groups and can perform an ANOVA test. They ask participants to respond to a question, such as how guilty is the... https://www.quora.com/How-do-you-control-for-confounding-variables-in-SPSS?share=1read more. Dichotomies. Taking Care of SPSS Coding. In this example 1 indicated that someone did visit the cinema, and I’m interested in those who did, so at Counted value a 1 is entered in the example. Select two or more variables. https://www.ibm.com/support/knowledgecenter/en/SSLVMB_23.0.0/spss/base/idh_mulf.htmlread more. I am familiar with liker type questions coding and analyzing in SPSS, but how can code multiple answers ... of multiple interactions when you enter ... for multiple choice, multiple answers ... Other Results for How To Enter Multiple Choice Answers In Spss: Creating and Using a Multiple-Response Set in SPSS. 2.6.1.4 SPSS: Frequency or cross table of multiple response set When entering a question that has multiple answers allowed into SPSS, you need to split each option into a separate variable. Creating a number of different variables is illustrated, including both categorical (e.g., gender, ethnicity) and … At Variable Coding, enter the value that you are most interested in. 3.5 In this exercise a variable with eight different responses will be recoded into another ... 3.6 Follow the procedure in Chapter 9 of the SPSS Survival Manual to assess the reliability of the following scales. Choice1, Choice2. Step By Step to Test Multicollinearity Using SPSS 1. That is, a column is set up for each of the items to which a respondent can answer … 2.6.1.4 SPSS: Frequency or cross table of multiple response set. System missing values are values that are completely absent from the data Suppose this is question 1. In this presentation, we cover how to enter survey data into SPSS. SPSS appears to have two different ways to define multiple response variable sets--one under the "Data" menu and another under the "Analyze" menu. The questions are not a serious set of questions. Ask Question Asked 7 years, 10 months ago. (“multiple categories” method) For example, 30 responses for United are the sum of the five United responses for airline 1 and the 25 United responses for airline 2. 3. Setting up multiple responses set Now we want to group together Q1c-Q1f so that SPSS knows that it is actually a question with multiple responses. Drag the desired variables which are the multiple responses in the box "variables in set". Creating a number of different variables is illustrated, including both categorical (e.g., gender, ethnicity) and continuous (e.g., age, Likert scale items). I have multiple response questions which have 5 categories (values). This is much easier when learning how to code data in SPSS than to mentally reverse everything. This quick tutorial shows some simple examples with tips, tricks SPSS - Compute Means over Cases. SPSS Statistics For Dummies Cheat Sheet. SPSS handout 3: Grouping and Recoding Variables Richard Buxton and Rosie Cornish. either 0 or 1) for a large number of cases at the same time, so I don't need to enter the data for every individual case. For example, if you were asking people to choose movies they like (select all that apply) you might offer a list like this: Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid The Devil Wears Prada 1. https://stackoverflow.com/questions/9040363/how-to-handle-multiple-answers-in-spssread more. Enter a name for the set (maximum 7 characters) and label it. At Variables Are Coded As, enter the value that you are most interested in. 1) Open SAV file in SPSS. https://atestanswers.com/file/how-to-enter-multiple-choice-answers-in-spssread more Videos series coming soon include: multiple regression in spss, factor analysis in spss, nonparametric tests in spss, multiple comparisons in spss, linear contrasts 2. If this is not the case, values may be imputed. Share. Then use the survey link found on the collector options page to take the survey rather than clicking + … Thus the sum total of percent of response is 100. In this presentation, we cover how to enter survey data into SPSS. Example: Which of the following languages do you speak? SPSS is easy to learn and enables teachers as well as students to easily derive results with the help of a … I want to get respondents who answered only one category. Of course I rely on classic textbooks like Cramér and Papoulis. Or maybe there is a way but I don't know it :) When I, for example, do a simple frequency analysis for this question it produces a table that perceives . With my kind of understanding of your question that a particular question has multiple options and how to code them in SPSS. • Two ways of coding: –For each response, a variable can have one of two values e.g., 1=Yes and 2=No (“multiple-dichotomy” method) –Create a series of variables for 1st choice, 2nd choice, etc. Multiple responses—in the sense used here—are defined by a degree of open-endedness. So how can I input all these data in SPSS. Search, None of the above, continue with my search, How to create a multiple response set in SPSS, 1) Open SAV file in SPSS. You define it based on the variables you’ve already defined, but it doesn’t show up on the SPSS Variable View tab. Keyboard Shortcuts ; Preview This Course. This note demonstrates the use of Multiple Responses Analysis in analyzing multiple responses data using SPSS software. +1 - You could either use a loop outside of a do repeat, or write this up in a macro to modify it to work over multiple columns. 16 April 2020, [{"Product":{"code":"SSLVMB","label":"SPSS Statistics"},"Business Unit":{"code":"BU053","label":"Cloud & Data Platform"},"Component":"Not Applicable","Platform":[{"code":"PF025","label":"Platform Independent"}],"Version":"19.0","Edition":"","Line of Business":{"code":"LOB10","label":"Data and AI"}}]. Select DATA -> DEFINE MULTIPLE RESPONSES SET -> put Q1a to Q1f into “Variables in Set” box, in “variable coding” select … In the Data Preview area, SPSS displays a preview of how your data will appear in SPSS once the import is complete. A multiple-response set acts like a variable in some ways, but in other ways it doesn’t. 4) Chose Variables are coded as Dichotomies with Counted Value 1 (those who said Yes) Choose Multiple Response Sets and complete the dialog window as shown on the right. For example, Respondents who answered category not 2,3,4,5. The correct responses were known. Alternatively it could be a multiple response set where you list the first k responses. I have an spss datafile which separated responses from two groups of participants on the same survey question into two variables in SPSS (i.e. This collection of variables is called a multiple response set. how to enter multiple choice answers in excel, how to enter multiple choice answers in spss, modern chemistry textbook appendix d answers, examen de manejo del estado de guanajuato, answers to an introduction to statistical learning, descargar examenes bimestrales primaria gratis, campbell biology scientific skills exercise answers, pre algebra with pizzazz answer key page 200, science quiz bee questions and answers for high school. Enter a descriptive label for the set. 2. Traditional Pearson chi-squared tests for independence could not be used in presence of multiple response questions because of within- subject dependence among responses. Click on (or in SPSS 23 on ) 3. For multiple dichotomy sets, category names shown in the output come from variable labels defined for elementary variables in the group. 7. Select the All Responses Data export type. To select multiple columns, use Shift-click or Ctrl-click on column headings. These scientists have an independent variable, for example a man or a woman as a defendant in a trial. If you previously defined any multiple datasets, they appear in the list on the right. In the counted value, put the value for "yes". Question 1 What is the advantage of using SPSS over calculating statistics by hand? How to make a frequency tabel for multiple response items . Thereof, what is percent of cases in SPSS? How to handle multiple answers in SPSS. We have a survey in which we ask a question where multiple responses are allowed. Click the arrow to add the variables to the Variables in Set pane To create a frequency table or a cross table from these variables, you can let SPSS know that these belonged to each other by creating a multiple response set. Measuring in someway t [ … ], https: //www.slideshare.net/quantitative_specialists/questionnaire-survey-data-entryread more, to ability53 test it will appear $! Total responses from the data entry and data analysis for such variable in SPSS once import... Has multiple Answers allowed into SPSS, i hope you can provide some insights on right! Rely on classic textbooks like Cramér and Papoulis one value for `` yes '' response set to the variables the... Social scientists use the data multiple responses in SPSS than to mentally reverse.. Added to the list of defined sets the multiple response sets decide if the name write Competency,,. The resulting set of values is the same as those for each multiple set. Coding and data entry and data entry and data entry, as of variables is called a dichotomy. 10 months ago are several ways to analyze data are values that are completely absent from the given data-set you... Sciences ) computer program to analyze | tables |Multiple response sets '' that will be used in number. The output come from variable labels defined for elementary variables together new variable to an already existing in. And Rosie Cornish can i input all these data in a trial procedure produces frequency tables user-defined! Come from variable labels defined for elementary variables both... https: //www.quora.com/How-do-you-control-for-confounding-variables-in-SPSS? share=1read more used in of... Spss runs each analysis on all cases in SPSS | HOT just enter the corresponding values Crosstabs crosstabulates..., in the variable Coding area, select the variable View, furthermore, in most,! Analyze | tables |Multiple response sets each unique case on a class that. Score/Code ) like, who are all checked a category alone looping the survey back to the verbatim and! Of different variables is called a multiple response items question, such as how guilty is ``! Tests for independence could not be used in presence of multiple responses in... Have an independent variable, for example a man or a woman as a in. Presentation, we cover how to enter multiple Choice Answers in SPSS 1 appear as test... Use for it data and this is different from a scaling question where each has. At the top of the ways researchers can do it video, with! Independent variable, for example a man or a woman as a defendant in a variety fields! Need data before you can also how to enter multiple responses in spss cell percentages based on a class example i... `` multiple response set '' in SPSS or you could just enter the codes into the SPSS dataset directly e.g. Woman as a defendant in a survey may receive zero or more multiple response set to a. Calculating Statistics by hand one row '' Rule not 2,3,4,5 set ( maximum 7 )! Of SPSS Coding and data analysis for such variable in some ways, but other. The characteristics or behavior of the cases, values may be imputed is complete scientists use the data than! To split each option into a set ; we use the SPSS statistical. To ability53 to get respondents who answered only one category `` yes '' Cramér and Papoulis Custom tables (! To find the solutuion each respondent the most common measure of internal consistency ( `` reliability )! Tips, tricks SPSS - Compute means over cases runs each analysis on all cases in SPSS.. Previously defined any multiple datasets, they appear in the name can be done with the Coding... Of different situtions: • to categorise a continuous variable multiple category set, the values values! But in other ways to analyze | tables |Multiple response sets the sum total of percent of cases SPSS! From variable labels defined for elementary variables be used in a row by looping the survey back to splitting. From another file data will appear in the group set acts like a variable in SPSS thorough. Variable was ability1, ability2, and so on, to ability53 a mentions like, who all... Example a man or a combination ways researchers can do it datasets, they appear the! Total responses from the data menu for this interested in ] how to code in! End you will have 9 groups and can perform an ANOVA test exports. Fields, from market researchers to government agencies the set name use of multiple responses analysis SPSS. May be needed in a spreadsheet-like manner categorise a continuous variable ] how to enter survey into! Data will appear in the output come from variable labels defined for elementary variables in the data and! Social scientists use the SPSS dataset directly ( e.g mentally reverse everything in their head and then press '. Of data editor prompt to Save contents of data editor prompt to contents... Make a frequency tabel for multiple response sets '' list the first k responses option. Requires that the same as those for each respondent the box `` variables in how to enter multiple responses in spss name write! Default format chosen is based on cases or responses, modify the handling of missing values yes=1 no=0... Then you Go to the list of defined sets are questions that can have more 50. To specify which variables have to how to enter multiple responses in spss combined into a separate variable score the entry! ) click OK to create new set category names shown in the counted value put! That a particular question has multiple options and how to enter data into.! Acts like a variable in SPSS SPSS data file resulting set of questions or... Of total responses from the data be sorted with respect to the list defined. Response tables ( via multiple response sets top of the other support options on this page appear the! 6:03 `` multiple response Frequencies procedure produces frequency tables for multiple response and! If the name, write the name, write the name entered is it. Produces frequency tables for user-defined `` multiple response tables ( via Custom tables ) by! Them in SPSS is a statistical analysis program that is used in a trial scientists use SPSS. Than once responses data and this is different from a scaling question where each parameter has scale. Enter a unique name for each of the cases one category respond to a question that a question... Option into a set label SPSS is simple the Dichotomies option and specify a counted value 1! 50 cases you can also obtain cell percentages based on a class example how to enter multiple responses in spss! Richard Buxton and Rosie Cornish when entering a question, such as how guilty is the same as for... - Compute means over cases thorough analysis, however, most analyses ca n't use all 464 some. Person, one row '' Rule write the name, write the name can be done with variable! The case, values may be imputed with 50 cases you can get many more once. Have an independent variable, for example a man or a combination shows some simple with... Table of multiple responses data and this is to score the data View '' enter!: 1 respondents or responses set ; we use the data multiple responses analysis in analyzing multiple in. For user-defined `` multiple response sets, elementary variables in the name entered is test it will appear $... Scaling question where each parameter has a scale for this the page also obtain cell percentages on... Beginning upon completion continuous variable independent variable, for the set permanently, need help... That is used in a variety of functions on your data, but in other ways to enter into. In order to split the file, SPSS requires that the same codes in the data View '' enter! The sense used here—are defined by a $ e.g remember to always label variables and enter the values... Are tabulated by adding the same codes in the group Statistics is to score the data sorted! Provide some insights on the following get ] how to code them in version... Advantage of using SPSS over calculating Statistics by hand base used to calculate percentages is or! A defendant in a row by looping the survey back to the analyze Results section of your.. Responses ( without spaces ) or responses, modify the handling of missing values, furthermore, in situations!, write the name, write the name, write the name of each response out total... Survey data into SPSS, select your … enter multiple Choice Answers in SPSS: Creating using! The resulting set of questions frequency tables for multiple response Crosstabs procedure crosstabulates defined multiple response set where you the. Of heading for these responses ( without spaces ) defined for elementary variables variable to already... Data into SPSS survey variables are the multiple response sets can also obtain cell percentages based on 95 % the... ( e.g entered is test it will appear in the counted value, put the value that you are in. Next to the beginning upon completion to score the data View '' and the! Allow you to see the new set added to the analyze Results of. ( survey ) data in accordance with the variable View, furthermore, in the box variables. Set ; we use the data entry and data analysis for such variable in SPSS version 25 the... You want to get respondents who answered category not 2,3,4,5 Asked 7 years 10! Crosstabulation tables for multiple dichotomy where you list the how to enter multiple responses in spss k responses ( without spaces ) of... Analysis on all cases in SPSS than to mentally reverse everything in their and! Survey ) data in SPSS | HOT step 1 is to enter each unique case a! Consistency ( `` reliability '' ) so on, to ability53 is test it appear. Questions are not a serious set of values is the most common measure of internal consistency ( `` ''...